Ativan, the brand name for lorazepam, is a prescription drug that is used to help relieve anxiety in patients. It is part of a class of medications called benzodiazepines. While the medication does help many people, some do abuse Ativan. It can be habit-forming, causing addiction, and those who become addicted to the drug will need treatment. Ativan addiction will become worse the longer a person goes without treatment.
Ativan can become addictive but when used correctly, it is a great medication for:
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- The Nausea and Vomiting Caused by Cancer Treatment
- "Agitation Caused by Alcohol Withdrawal" (NLM)
According to the NLM, you should not take Ativan "for more than 4 months or stop taking this medication without talking to your doctor." These actions may cause issues for the user such as addiction or withdrawal symptoms. The drug causes a calmness and relaxation by "slowing activity in the brain." When a person takes Ativan, it can relax him or her to the point of being intoxicated in a way that is similar to drinking alcohol. Because of this, Ativan has a high possibility for abuse.
Ativan can cause side effects which usually occur when the person is currently on the drug. These side effects can become more pronounced if the person is abusing Ativan.
According to the NLM, the Side Effects of Ativan Use Are:
- Dry mouth
- Blurred Vision
- Changes in Appetite
- Nausea and Diarrhea
- "Frequent Urination" or Problems Urinating
- "Changes in Sex Drive or Ability"
There are dangerous side effects which Ativan may cause. If a person is experiencing these side effects, he or she should be brought to a hospital immediately:
- "Difficulty Breathing or Swallowing"
- Jaundice of the Eyes and Skin
- Shuffling Walk
- "Persistent, Fine Tremor or Inability to Sit Still"
- Irregular Heartbeat
- Severe Rash on the Skin
Other precautions for Ativan use should be known. The DailyMed states that "in patients with depression, a possibility for suicide should be borne in mind." Also, Ativan "should be used with caution in patients with compromised respiratory function," as the medication can slow down respiration if not carefully monitored.
The side effects of Ativan are usually mild but can be very dangerous, especially when the medication is not given properly or if the individual taking it begins to abuse it for its effects.
A person who is abusing Ativan might experience some of the side effects listed above. According to statistics, many Ativan abusers will also take the drug along with a glass of wine or other alcoholic beverage. As stated by SAMHSA, "benzodiazepines are often abused in combination with alcohol or other drugs... to enhance or lengthen the high provided by the other substances or to offset their adverse effects." If you have been taking Ativan while drinking, you are already exhibiting dangerous Ativan abuse behavior. Because of this, doctors are clear with their patients about the use of Ativan with alcohol.
People drink alcohol while taking Ativan to enhance the high of the drug and to feel its euphoric effects on a stronger level.
Other Signs of Ativan Abuse Are:
- Taking Ativan to feel euphoric or high instead of for its intended effects
- Becoming more sociable or talkative when using Ativan or taking the drug for these such effects
- Becoming very drowsy, dizzy, and intoxicated when taking Ativan
- Experiencing depression, irritability, and agitation when coming down from an Ativan high
- Taking more of the drug than you were prescribed in order to feel its effects
According to a study from the NCBI, "lorazepam dose-dependently disrupted learning and psychomotor performance and increased subject ratings of sedation" when compared with another drug." This can be a serious issue, especially for those who are abusing Ativan.
While acute effects of Ativan may cause learning disruptions, kidney problems can often develop after a person takes the drug for an extended amount of time.
As Stated By CESAR, Long-Term Effects of Ativan and Other Benzodiazepines Are:
- "Impaired Thinking, Memory, and Judgement"
- Speech Problems
- Weakness in the Muscles
- Coordination Issues
These are symptoms of over-sedation which "may not appear for a few days" but are caused by the "significant accumulation of fatty tissues" after a person takes multiple doses of Ativan over a period of time. Because Ativan is habit-forming and the side effects can cause a person to feel good, euphoric, and relaxed, people continue to abuse the drug. The longer this behavior continues, the more likely it is that the Ativan abuser will become addicted to the drug.
People Who Are Addicted to the Drug Will:
- Build up a tolerance to it. This means that Ativan addicts will no longer be able to achieve the same effects with the same dosage; therefore, many people who experience this continue to take more of the drug each time.
- Become dependent on the drug. Dependence can lead to withdrawal symptoms, such as Anxiousness, Insomnia, andIrritability
- Seizures (in extreme cases) (NIDA)
- Do anything to get more of the drug. Some individuals create fake prescriptions or buy Ativan illegally. This is called drug-seeking behavior because people start to do dangerous or illegal things to get more Ativan, not caring about the problems their actions might cause.
- Spend money they do not have on Ativan. They will also use money meant for other things (like rent and food) to obtain more of the drug.
- Not feel normal without taking Ativan.
- Think about Ativan even when not taking the drug.
- Take the drug once a day or more, just to feel its sedating effects.
Addiction is not something that is logical. When a person becomes addicted to a drug, he or she will do anything to get more. People often become apathetic about every aspect of their lives except the drug itself. This is why addiction can become so devastating.
Addiction to Ativan Will Cause Problems For Your:
- Work Life
- School Life
- Mental and Physical Health
These problems can even become those of your loved ones, as your actions will affect them. Legal problems may also arise from Ativan addiction, as the drug is available by prescription only and many people do illegal things to obtain more. As soon as you begin abusing Ativan, or taking the drug in a way that was not prescribed to you, you are at risk for addiction.
Overdose is another possible side effect of Ativan addiction and abuse. According to the DailyMed, "overdose with lorazepam has occurred predominantly in combination with alcohol and/or other drugs." This can make the effects even more dangerous. Signs and symptoms of Ativan overdose are:
- "Mental Confusion"
- Slurred Speech
- "Paradoxical Reactions
- Drop in Blood Pressure
- Respiratory Depression
- Slowed Heartbeat
- "Hypnotic State"
Ativan overdose, especially when the person has also ingested other drugs or alcohol, can lead to coma and death. If someone you know is suffering from Ativan overdose, make sure to call 911 immediately. Stay with the person, do not make him or her throw up unless specifically told to, and make sure to take the drug with you to the emergency room so that the medical professionals there can know what the person took. Ativan overdose can be very serious and, if possible, should be prevented at all costs.
According to the NIDA, They Are:
- Sleeping Pills
Additional Statistics Associated With Ativan Follow:
- 95 percent of Ativan and other benzodiazepine admissions "reported abuse of another substance in addition to abuse of benzodiazepines" (SAMHSA).
- "An estimated 52 million people" have used prescription drugs like Ativan and others "for nonmedical reasons at least once in their lifetimes" (NIDA).
- The amount of prescriptions for certain prescription medications "has increased dramatically since the early 19990s," shedding light on the high number of prescription drug abusers.
Someone who becomes addicted to Ativan, or who is abusing the drug, should consider formal substance abuse treatment. Especially if you or someone you know has been abusing alcohol or another drug in combination with Ativan, treatment will be necessary.
Withdrawal from Ativan is mostly psychological. A person will feel anxious and irritable and be unable to sleep. While this is true, sometimes patients may experience seizures as a result of Ativan withdrawal. A person who becomes dependent on both alcohol and Ativan will have an especially difficult time going through withdrawal. It is extremely uncomfortable and, due to the effects of alcohol withdrawal, may be life-threatening.
The first part of treatment will be for the individual to detox from Ativan. This can be done in a separate detox facility or as a part of Ativan addiction treatment. The individual will likely be given medication in order to curb the symptoms of withdrawal and ease the patient through detox. It is important to remember, though, that "medically assisted detoxification is only the first stage of addiction treatment and by itself does little to change long-term drug abuse" (NIDA). Someone who has been abusing Ativan will absolutely need further treatment.
There are two main types of treatment facilities which can help someone who is addicted to Ativan.
- Inpatient Facilities - These are 24-hour facilities where the patient comes to stay for an extended amount of time.
- The patient will be in a controlled environment so that he or she can focus on recovery.
- Inpatient facilities are recommended for those with extreme addictions and withdrawal symptoms who have little support from family and friends.
- A person who is suffering from other addictions or other mental disorders (such as depression) should also consider treatment at an inpatient facility.
- Outpatient Facilities - These facilities allow patients to come in for treatment and leave afterwards.
- They do not provide 24-hour care or a controlled environment.
- Outpatient facilities are recommended for those who have milder abuse issues or who can handle their recoveries while continuing to live their lives.
- Those with strong support systems at home and no other addictions or mental disorders could benefit well from outpatient facilities.
- Because they are not 24-hours, outpatient facilities are usually cheaper.
Ativan addiction has two main types of treatment, similar to other types of drug addictions. They are:
- Medication - Medications can help patients focus on their recoveries by curbing their withdrawal symptoms and their cravings for the drug. According to the NIDA, "medications are an important element of treatment for many patients" (NIDA 4). However, they usually are combined with another type of treatment.
- Therapy - Patients who are addicted to Ativan will need therapy in order to recover. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most used treatment for addiction and is usually very successful.
The NIDA states that it helps patients prevent relapse by teaching them to:
- "Identify and correct problematic behaviors"
- Fight cravings and temptations
- Self-monitor to recognize problems or possible relapse-causing situations
- Avoid "these high-risk situations"
Other types of therapy and counseling that are often introduced to Ativan addicts are:
- Group Therapy
- Family and Relationship Counseling
- Mutual-Help Groups
Ativan is a very helpful and beneficial medication for those who suffer from anxiety and other disorders. However, for many people, Ativan can become dangerous and addictive. If you or someone you know is abusing Ativan, remember the consequences of Ativan abuse and seek treatment as soon as possible.